Citation Style for Research Papers
Which should you use?
Ask each of your teachers which style they want you to use.
If they have no preference, you can use any or follow these
- APA: psychology, education, and other social
- MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
- AMA: medicine, health, and biological
- Turabian: designed for college students
to use with all subjects.
- Chicago: used with all subjects in the
"real world" by books,
magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly
The complete hardcopy style manuals are kept on reserve in the Reference
Department. These contain examples about citing a wider variety of sources than these web pages
do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc.
Additional Online Style Guides:
- Research and Documentation Online:
Adapted from the book Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age by Diana Hacker
(Boston, MA : Bedford/St. Martin's, 2006), this site provides examples of citation style,
parenthetical references, manuscript format, and completed papers for the
CSE (Council of Science Editors) styles.
- Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL):
Created by the English Department at Purdue University, this site covers all aspects of the
academic, business, and creative writing processes (grammar, punctuation, style, rhetoric, outlines, etc.),
along with the
styles (the latter with sample papers) and
Citation Management Tools:
is a web-based bibliography and database manager
that allows users to create their own personal database by importing references from text
files or online databases. They can use these references in writing their papers and
automatically format the paper and the bibliography in seconds.
- Select "Sign up for an Individual Account" and then choose your
own login name and password.