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Students' Guide to Preventing and Avoiding Plagiarism

Anatomy of a Citation

Evaluating Information

Library vs. Web

Evaluating Internet Resources

Ethics in the Information Age

Starting Your Research

Citation Style for Research Papers

 *  APA  *  Turabian  *  MLA  *  Chicago  *  AMA  *

Which should you use?
Ask each of your teachers which style they want you to use. If they have no preference, you can use any or follow these guidelines:

  • APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.
  • MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
  • AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.
  • Turabian: designed for college students to use with all subjects.
  • Chicago: used with all subjects in the "real world" by books, magazines, newspapers, and other non-scholarly publications.

The complete hardcopy style manuals are kept on reserve in the Reference Department. These contain examples about citing a wider variety of sources than these web pages do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc.

Additional Online Style Guides:

  • Research and Documentation Online: Adapted from the book Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age by Diana Hacker (Boston, MA : Bedford/St. Martin's, 2006), this site provides examples of citation style, parenthetical references, manuscript format, and completed papers for the MLA, APA, Chicago, and CSE (Council of Science Editors) styles.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): Created by the English Department at Purdue University, this site covers all aspects of the academic, business, and creative writing processes (grammar, punctuation, style, rhetoric, outlines, etc.), along with the MLA and APA styles (the latter with sample papers) and annotated bibliographies.

Citation Management Tools:

  • EasyBib : Covering APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian styles, this information literacy platform provides citation, note taking, and research tools that help educators to teach and students to learn how to become effective and organized researchers. It also includes the citation styles for: Harvard, Chicago Author-Date, Council of Science Editors (CSE), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Medical Association (AMA), and American Sociological Association (ASA).

  • Special notice to RefWorks users

Robert Delaney.

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