- African Observer: A Monthly Journal, ...
the General Character, and Moral and Political
Effects of Negro Slavery.
Nos. 1-12, 1827-1828. Philadelphia.
- For the person interested in the historical ramifications of
slavery this is an excellent source. The essays and documents seek
the early origin of the African slave trade from the continent of Africa
to the coastline
of America. There is no specific design or organization to the
essays and documents. The editor, Enoch Lewis, collected his
materials and published the African Observer
in an effort to
and objectively show those of that period ways of eliminating the
institution of slavery. Among the essays and documents are
specials such as
"Tornado Season at Cape Mesurado" which add color to this
- Alexander's Magazine.
Vol. 1-7, 1905-1909. Boston.
- If you are interested in the achievements of Blacks during the
1900's, this source could provide that information. The articles are
to uplift and inspire those who read them. They feature Blacks at
their best -
achieving in the arts, education, business, law, medicine etc. The
photographs themselves tell a fascinating story of those persons and
presented during that era. There are essays, poems, and feature
emphasis is strictly on advancement, including the educational,
economic aspects involved in African American achievement.
This magazine definitely shows how some
during this period, could indeed progress with a degree of dignity in
- American Anti-Slavery Reporter.
Nos. 1-8, l834. New York.
- This collection of essays, letters and narratives is aimed at
the moral issues of slavery. With the use of Christian ethics and
all slaveholders were preached at for not obeying God's laws and
commandments. The thrust of this monthly publication was an
appeal to the
slaveholders' conscience and a solicitation of support from
to abolish the system. It was with confirmed conviction and
that the American Anti-Slavery Society became advocates and
an effort to save the slave from oppression - and the slaveholder from
of oppression. The religious overtones on the issues of slavery
period could be of interest to historians, scholars and clerics
even in today's society.
- American Jubilee.
Nos. 1-12, 1854-1855. New York.
- American Jubilee, a monthly newspaper, set out to fight
exposing its illegal and unconstitutional implications. The idea
publication was to keep persons posted on the pros and cons of
slavery as it developed into an American stateside issue. The Federal
Constitution and States Rights are some of the major discussions in
the commentaries and essays dealing with slavery. The political
consequences of slavery are thoroughly discussed in such territorial
issues as the Kansas-Nebraska Bill and the Missouri Compromise.
those interested in the events developing within the States while
a "burning" issue, the American Jubilee
should act as an excellent
- Anti-Slavery Examiner.
Nos. 1-14, 1836-1845. New York.
- This forthright publication came out as a strong voice of
on the slavery issue. The thrust of this monthly periodical was an
the minds and conscience of the Nation. Slavery was not only the
involved, but the freedom to oppose such conditions. The
Examiner brought out the politics involved. Believing that the
the majority were against slavery in the States, the
Examiner brought the
issue before the Nation. The printed pages of lengthy essays are
to the citizens. For those persons interested in what tactics the
used to fight the spread of slavery in the States, the
excellent details. This two volume source
also holds a record of special accounts of slavery documentation in
narratives, letters and speeches. Some worthy examples for
"Bible Against Slavery,"
"The Constitution, A Pro-Slavery Compact," and
"American Slavery as it is: Testimony of a Thousand Witnesses."
- Anti-Slavery Record.
Vol. 1-3, 1835-1837. New York.
- This small publication contains a collection of thematic
and documents. Each month between six and ten pages of text were
published with a captivating front page woodblock print depicting
plight and treatment of slaves in the story featured. This little
out to dispel the beneficence of slavery as an American institution.
of the runaways, the conditions, the speeches and the treatment are
reported in letters and notes by actual slaves and persons witnessing
events. In an effort to awaken the consciousness of the reader,
many of the
essays and topics were developed around a series of rhetorical
The actual testimonies of the Grimke sisters, plus a host of
and non-slaveholders gave a vivid view of what motivated the
actions of the
citizenry during that period in American history.
- Anti-Slavery Tracts.
Series 1 & 2, 1855-1861. New York.
- The Anti-Slavery Tracts were published as an
organ of appeal for the
anti-slavery movement. Its contents included essays, letters, poems,
items, testimonies, newspaper editorials, and extracts of laws. The
took up the legal, social, religious,and intellectual issues involved
and provided a platform for the fight to eliminate its existence. In
"The United States Constitution,"
the Tracts went into extensive detail to show how
existed, condoned the perpetuation of slavery. With the use of other
documented essays and reports such as "Slave Insurrections"
New Reign of Terror," the Tracts were able to
show the upheaval
caused by maintaining a system of slavery. Among the special
"The Testimonies of Capt. John Brown at Harper's Ferry" and
"The Philosophy of the Abolition Movement" by Wendell Phillips.
- Brown American.
Vol. 1-5, 1936-1945. Philadelphia.
- If the 1950's and early 1960's represented a bland period for
Americans, then it was the late 1930's and early 1940's for the black
Americans. A good example of this docile period is recorded in
Not being able to fit in totally with the greater white
those "brown" Americans reflected
a mood of self-recognition and
expression which became evident to a few in this publication. To
against all odds was the thrust of the publication. Persons like
W. E. B. DuBois, Roy Wilkins, Marian Anderson, James Weldon
and Mary McLeod Bethune were some of the up and coming brown
Americans included. Brown American's mood was to
focus on the
people as they worked hard to prove themselves worthy of this land.
Regular sections entitled
"Negro Education in the United States,"
"The Working Front"
and sample articles such as
"Get Trained for America's Tomorrow," and
"That Future Day Shall be Different"
reflected a hope that
was amply described in the pages of this small magazine.
- Color Line: A Monthly Round-up of the Facts of Negro American
Progress and of the Growth of American Democracy.
Vol. 1 & 2, 1946-1947. Mt. Vernon, New York.
- Color Line brought together each month those
highlights of news events
concerning negro life which the editors felt needed some
because of their importance. The flash bulletin type of format was
to alert the Negro populace of what was happening on the local and
scene. The highlights were broken down into different catagories.
Among them were:
Color Line wanted the black
people of America
to be aware of those democratic processes which were not
idea of such a publication was good, but because much of the
information was available in other sources, the
Color Line ceased
second volume published.
- Labor and the Negro
- Trends in Interracial Cooperation
- Religion and the Negro
- Hero of the Month
- The Negro in Sports
- Negro in the Theater
- The Negro in Politics
- Achievements and Awards
- Colored American Magazine.
Vol. 1-17, 1900-1909. Boston, Mass. and New York.
- Colored American Magazine did for nine years in
the 1900's what
Ebony Magazine is doing in the 1990's. The contents of the
in all types of printed works pertaining to the
the States. Special articles also featured peoples of color living on
continents of the world. Some of the topics covered included
Negroes succeeding in business, the arts, education, medicine,
The magazine played a significant role in recording current news as
retrospective historical events of the Negro. One ad in a copy of the
magazine called the Colored American Magazine
"the only high-class
illustrated monthly in the world devoted exclusively to the interests
Negro Race." With this statement in mind, the editors did indeed
the educated middle and upper class Blacks of the day. The
poems, and countless photographs even today depict a certain air of
belonging to a people proud to have "made it." The nine volumes
provide some revealing facts for both white and black readers
black history and literature.
Vol. 1-3, 1920-1921. Pittsburgh.
- If the 1920's reflected a certain amount of unrest and
most Americans, then most assuredly these times of adjustment
for the black Americans. In order to express a means of securing a solid
in these trying times, the Competitor came on the scene.
The magazine was
aimed at showing how the Negro was able and ready to be fully
accepted as an
American in the truest sense of the word. The collection of essays,
stories, reports, news items, poems, etc. all centered around the
of excellence for the Negro, in every field of endeavor. The
featured a select group of Blacks who represented the paragon in
achievement. The magazine "painted" a miniscule picture of
success in a
time when hope and inspiration were needed for the majority of the
population. If you are interested in the black bourgeoisie of this
the Competitor can provide some help and insight.
- Crisis: A Record of the Darker Races (National
Association for the Advancement of Colored
Vol. 1-47, 1910-1940.
- The only publication in the completed series still being
today is the Crisis. The Crisis
has more of an appeal as a news
agent for a
sizeable portion of the black population. Its aim is to be right on
top of the
issues with its editorials, essays, reports, letters, poems and news.
magazine is the voice box of the
NAACP having a special column
issue pertaining to the actions and events of the Association. The
reports on the good as well as the bad. It exists to publish the
the obstacles of a struggling people. Although the
Crisis is decidedly
middle class in its contents, the "importance" of the
news to all persons of
color contributes to its appeal and broadens its circulation. Each issue
reader a calendar of events and a record of local as well as wide
happenings dealing with educational, social, political, religious and
As a retrospective source for black history, the Crisis
documented account of written essays, opinions, letters, poems and
about black people all over the world. The photographs, illustrations
advertisements tell a special story in themselves.
- Douglass' Monthly.
Vol. 1-5, 1858-1863. New York.
- Frederick Douglass, the distinguished black orator and
leader used his journalistic ability to publish this newspaper. The
was called the North Star and later Frederick
Douglass' Paper. Since
there is no complete file of the North Star or
the Paper in existance today, it
to determine the beginning date of Douglass' Monthly.
All of the
papers were published somewhere between 1847 and 1863.
Douglass' Monthly was
published as a news organ for the abolition
of slavery. Douglass, an ex-slave himself, knew about the experiences
of slavery as an institution. As editor of Douglass'
documents, printed words, letters, conversations, statements,
records and eye-witness accounts of slavery and published them in a
page, three column monthly without the inclusion of pictures or
Topics on the Underground Railroad, slavery in the States,
slave cases, and slave insurrections are some examples of stories
the paper. As a point by point analysis of the workings of Frederick
Douglass and the anti-slavery movement, this is an excellent source
- Education: A Journal of Reputation (Negro Needs Society).
Vol. 1-2 (#4), 1935-1936, New York.
- Education was published with the idea of educating
Blacks to the
awareness of knowledge as a possible vehicle for economic, social
political change. The subject of education was featured in the broad
of the word. The articles, essays, poems, short stories, editorials and
notices were included in the publication so as to inform and
inspire black Americans on the importance of learning.
Although the publication cost only five cents a copy, it
the second year of publication. For those persons interested in what
N.Y. and some of its residents were thinking and doing during the
1930's, there are ample
essays and news articles printed. Other articles dealing with the
being black and coping with the hardships of this period in history
are also reflected in the contents of this journal.
- Fire!! : Devoted to Younger Negro Artists.
Vol. 1 (#1), 1926, New York.
- In its first issue, The Board of Editors made an appeal for
would appreciate having fifty people subscribe ten dollars each, and
fifty more subscribe five dollars each."
It was too bad that this small publication
did not get the necessary financial backing. It died after the first
leaving behind a beautiful edition with some talented young artists,
contributors. Fire brought together some exceptional
talent at the height of
what was later called the "Harlem or Negro Renaissance."
edition had writers such as Countee Cullen, Zora Neale
Arna Bontemps, and Langston Hughes as contributers.
Fire was put together in a handsome arrangement which
some African-type wood block prints, some type-face typography
drawings by Richard Bruce. Not only was the periodical appealing in
the contents displayed the works of some outstanding black artists
publishing their creations in one solitary resource.
- Half-Century Magazine.
Vol. 1-18, 1916-1925, Chicago.
- The Half-Century Magazine was published with a direct
middle class "colored" America. It was designed with
the intention of
reaching those few Blacks who could afford to live up to its
unknowingly, it only produced an illusion for the vast majority of its
readers. The emphasis was on how to make or be fashionable ladies
gentlemen of the times. In the subtitle, the magazine was referred
to as "A
Colored Monthly for the Businessman and the Homemaker." The
listed topics such as
"General Race News,"
If you happened to be an educated tan or fair skinned
Negro with some wealth or a viable business and living between
1925 - the Half-Century Magazine would fit your bill.
The special features of
the magazine included a column, "What They Are Wearing" by
Madison and "Health Talks" by Dr. Julian Lewis.
Essays and topics were
included and covered hints from cooking through vacations. The
and advertisements for hair straightening combs, fashionable hair
complexion clarifiers and "High Brown" soaps, perfumes and
were, in part, a means of seeking an acceptable connection to a
America. The importance of the magazine lies in the fact that here is
of a black American minority group, whether by choice or force,
those extreme ideals found in a segment of the larger white middle
and upper class American society.
- Harlem Quarterly.
Nos. 1-4, 1949-1950, New York.
- This small magazine was a potpourri of articles, essays,
short stories written by such well-known contributors as Langston
W.E.B. DuBois, Alain Leroy Locke, Shirley Graham and John Henrik
magazine provided a place for the literary expressions of some
writers. The contents were geared to take in a broad cross section of
and opinions relating to American Blacks, West Indians,
those Whites interested in the causes of people of color around
The stories and essays presented a glimpse at black culture as
viewed by the
authors during the late 1940's. The poems and feature articles
humor and enlightenment as reflected in the history and everyday
life of black people. A "Book Reviews" section and a
spot for "Letters to the
Editor" added to the comprehensiveness of this
- Messenger: World's Greatest Negro Monthly.
Vol. 1-10, 1917-1928, New York.
- A. Phillip Randolph, a legend in the American labor
printed the Messenger as the "only radical
Negro magazine in America."
As the general organizer of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car
Randolph knew of the need for organizing and informing the
Blacks in ways for fighting discrimination and racism on the labor
Randolph also saw the need for a strong voice which could be used
the masses to the wide-spread racist practices in America's labor
The Messenger acted as the reporter and
disseminator of the ideas,
developments, and changes taking place in all aspects of
labor. Although the Messenger
was there to publish information on the injustices
in labor practices, it did not limit itself to that arena. The scope of
magazine took in all kinds of essays, short stories, critiques,
poems, special feature articles, conference reports and book
contents reflected an array of widely chosen topics in the field of
politics, philosophy, education, labor, athletics, women and the arts.
pages were filled with interesting accounts relating to the
struggles of black Americans around the world. For its eleven years
existence, the Messenger produced a superb, well-rounded
in content and arrangement. Special features included material on
and the States entitled "These 'Colored'
United States," others on
Klux Klan, Marcus Garvey, black theater and satire. Political
illustrations and ample photographs presented a unique story in
Scholars, historians and laymen should find this fine magazine a
enlightening addition whenever there is a shortage of good source
materials in the area of Black Studies.
- National Anti-Slavery Standard.
Vol. 1-30, 1840-1870, New York.
- This weekly newspaper was the official publication of the
Anti-Slavery Society. The weekly published all the news, letters,
records, minutes, petitions, addresses, debates, essays, speeches,
and documents relating to the question of slavery in the United
other parts of the world. Most of the material published was
addressed to or
intended for the members of the Anti-Slavery Society and the
abolitionists living in this country and other foreign lands. The
the material printed was usually in the form of a direct or indirect
the abolition of slavery as an "evil" institution.
Religion and politics were
two of the underlying keys used to motivate action for the
elimination of slavery. Persuasive ideals, rhetorical questions,
remarks were some of the examples aimed at arousing the
conscience of the
Nation on the slavery issue. The six-column paper solicited and
the random accounts of the news as they occurred throughout the
States and other parts of the world. The feelings, thoughts and
moods of the
Society's fervent cause to eradicate slavery were all captured within
pages of the Standard for thirty years.
For the historian interested in the
weekly accounts of the Society, including the dates, names and
events for that period, the National Anti-Slavery
Standard could provide ample documentation.
- National Era.
Vol. 1-14, 1847-1860, Washington, D.C.
- The National Era, also a weekly abolitionist newspaper,
wider range of material which, unlike the National
was not exclusively dedicated to the slavery issue.
The Era was a mixture of anecdotes,
poems, letters, short stories, bulletins, notations and transcripts
written by persons within the United States and foreign countries.
editor of the paper was interested in publishing literary ideas as well
developments and changes taking place during this period of
Glancing across a typical page of the Era one might
find a poem on nature;
next to it an anecdote for "good wives;" under this a
letter from a
congressman; in another column a short essay on laughter and
these an article on the constitutional question of slavery. The issue
slavery was a major part of the newspaper but it
also allowed the reader a moment of diversion only to be caught in
column with some development on the "evils" of slavery. The
was also a paper for keeping abreast of important local events and
happenings on a world-wide basis. Whether it was in the area of
political science, economics, philosophy, literature or business, the
provided news interspersed with entertaining essays for its readers.
transportation and communication between the major cities and
ports still undeveloped, the National Era
provided the reader with additional news in
the form of excerpts and editorials from papers such as the
New York Tribune,
Boston Courier and
London Daily News.
Historians and men of letters should both
find this newspaper useful for its historical documentation and
- National Negro Health News. (United States Public Health Service).
Vol. 1-18, 1933-1950. Washington, D.C.
- Back in the early 1900's diseases such as diphtheria,
pneumonia, smallpox, syphilis and malaria were spreading and
lives of many black Americans in all parts of the Nation. Around
movement was developed entitled the "National Negro Health
The apparent purpose of the Movement was directed towards the
and eventual elimination of communicable and infectious diseases
among African Americans. In connection with the National Negro
Movement, a yearly conference was developed for the observance
"National Negro Health Week" which took place in local
throughout the country. As an outgrowth of these conferences, the
information and data collected was later published as a journal
National Negro Health News. The first issue appeared
in January of 1933 and the publication ceased in June, 1950.
The National Negro Health News was designed to inform
community agencies (i.e. American Red Cross) including the press,
churches, health clinics, schools and even allied state and local
agencies, on the conditions and ways they could cooperate with the
communities in preventing or arresting the spread of communicable
infectious diseases. Successes by individuals, groups, or local
organizations where work was done to improve the health of the
populace were publicized and encouraged by being awarded the
of Merit." The News captured the
essence of how organized local health
programs in the form of special clinics, school hygiene classes and
medical services worked together to eradicate diseases within the
communities. At times, the News tended to create
a "picture" of Blacks as
the only bearers of infectious and communicable diseases. On the
of the "picture," the News
became an important organ for the exclusive
recognition of many great black doctors, nurses and social workers
to eliminate those dreadful diseases which effected all mankind. As a
retrospective source of information in the field of Health Care, this
compilation of news gives an excellent example of what can be
improve the health of a nation's people.
- National Negro Voice.
Nos. 1-11, 1941. Kingston, Jamaica.
- As a nationalist newspaper written and published exclusively
about black persons, the National Negro Voice
appeared on the scene to
spread the message of a cause. The origin of the paper was
Jamaica, and the cause was to continue the work of the black
Marcus Garvey and to pay tribute to his memory. From a period
America in 1916 until the end of his life in
London, England in 1940, Marcus Garvey fought for what he
believed in -
the inevitable establishment of a separate black Nation on the
continent of Africa. Garvey's experiences and encounters with
America and abroad lead him to a deep conviction in his cause. His
was interwoven with The Universal Negro Improvement
sometimes dubbed "the Back to Africa Movement" and the African
League. These two organizations, sometimes strong, sometimes
the last vestiges left after Garvey's death.
Jamaica, the birthplace of Garvey, was a natural setting for the
continuation of his ideals and the National Negro Voice
acted as the reporter
from July 19 through September 27, 1941 when it ceased
Voice in many ways sought to clarify to the world
doctrines of separatism preached by Garvey. The Voice also
Garvey's philosophy of being self-sufficient while seeking dignity and
being black. African history and news of Blacks achieving as a
also published. An example was the ample coverage of Ethiopia's
against the Axis Powers takeover during these war years. For the
person interested in the last tribute payed to the controversial
through the eyes of his disciples, the
National Negro Voice can provide a good overview.
- National Principia.
Vol. 1-5, 1859-1866. New York.
- On March 1, 1859 a group of concerned clergy got together at
convention assembled in the town of Worchester, Massachussets
formulated the Church Antislavery Society. The sole purpose of the
was to bring together all churches, regardless of denomination, in
to fight the "evil" institution of slavery. The order of the
based on a set of "Declaration of Principles," and the
and disseminating those ideals was the paper entitled the
The National Principia picked up the mood of the
record as totally against those persons or institutions indulging in
holding, rum trafficking and crimes relating to kindred.
The paper was a place
for recording the speeches, addresses, letters, personal explanations,
replies, essays, news reports, interviews, minutes of town
sermons and sundry facts and comments for the members and
of the Society's causes. The Society's ammunition for their causes
based on the old-fashioned Orthodox or Evangelical church
Holy Bible was the weapon used for bringing about the
gradualism or conservatism on the issue of slavery were not
according to God's law; therefore slavery was tantamount to sin.
needed was a revival or change in moral principles. Thus, the
National Principia became the organ for
publishing the messages to help
immediate changes. Besides the fight to abolish slavery, the
belief in religion was connected to all phases of life, including
social, political, educational and human encounters. The Church,
and the Nation were all held together by Christian principles and
existed to make all parties aware of those principles which were not
to. The National Principia captured the
philosophy and religion of
committed people. Although at times dogmatic in its religious zeal,
paper left behind some of the finest documented text on ideas and
pertaining to the basic foundations of religion for this society of free
- Negro Music Journal: A Monthly Devoted to the Educational
Interest of the Negro in Music.
Vol. 1-2, 1902-1903. Washington, D.C.
- The Negro Music Journal was published as a
the enlightenment of teachers, students, scholars and music lovers.
thrust of the publication was mainly in the area of classical music,
many ways Blacks could appreciate involvement in this field.
biographical sketches, short stories, helpful hints and
all a part of the make-up of this publication. Instrumental and vocal
featuring orchestral and choral works, are written about along with
discussion on many of the composers. Other articles discussed Blacks
participants in recitals or musical orchestrations written by composers
from Bach through Wagner. Other articles were approached
such sections as "Piano Department," "Club
Department" and "The Child's Musical Life." Among the many
exposure for their creative musical genius in this fine publication
Coleridge Taylor, Clarence Cameron White, Harry L. Freeman,
"Blind Tom" Wiggins and the Fisk Jubilee Singers.
This excellent little volume is chock-full of handy methods for
students and teachers of music. Although dated, there are many
points and techniques which could help those musicologists who
presently interested in helping others appreciate music.
- Negro Quarterly: A Review of Negro Life and Culture.
Nos. 1-4, 1942-1943. New York.
- These were the war years and the thoughts and minds of most
Americans were focused on the Axis Powers' threat to world peace.
America's preparation and productiveness during this war-time
required the help of all persons, including the not-always-accepted
Americans. In an effort to broadcast the thoughts, opinions and
of black Americans during this uneasy period in America, the
Negro Quarterly was published.
The Negro Quarterly's major aim was to convince all
Blacks were indeed able, ready and willing to serve this country
home in a defense plant or abroad on a battle field. Discrimination
Crowism throughout the country was still the rule, rather than the
The Quarterly picked up this mood by publishing
commentaries, reports and short articles pertaining to the life and
of being black in America. It also provided the reader with words
meanings which expressed the need for whole-hearted black
this country - not only in this time of war, but also in the peace to
The Quarterly, in its short period of existence,
served as a focal
point for the
written opinions and developments of ideas within the black
Historical and general articles were contributed by such notables as
Ellison, L.D. Reddick, Herbert Aptheker, Langston Hughes, and
Wright. A section on "Books" plus a brief index adds a special
this short-lived publication.
- Negro Story: A Magazine for All Americans.
Vol. 1-2, 1944-1946. Chicago.
- The unique experience and situation of being black in
been written about from many approaches. Some of these
mere stereotypes which came across to many as a
true "picture" of
Blacks were like as a people. In order to present a more accurate
some publishers decided to create new sources
for expressing better ideas about black folk. One of these
Negro Story was developed as a magazine
for short stories. The
publication provided a place for the printing of fictionalized
events in the black experience. The magazine brought together a
creative writers longing for a "home" market which would accept
written works. Among those notables who contributed their stories
Gwendolyn Brooks, Richard Wright, Ralph Ellison, Langston
Chester Himes. Negro Story was there to record the
sad and good
black folks as they came alive via the expressions within these
short stories. Known and unknown writers (both black and white)
fill the contents of this bi-monthly magazine, but the price of forty
issue during this war time period forced the
Negro Story to cease
in May of 1946. Notes on the contributors, a small book review
plus some poetry added to the scope of this literary magazine.
- New Challenge.
Vol. 1-2, 1934-1937. Boston.
- The word was out! Dorothy West wanted a revival of interest
black writer as a contributor of material for a new magazine entitled
New Challenge. As editor, Ms. West wanted a
renewed spirit in writing - not just
as an art, but as a trade developed through skills and hard work.
The name, New Challenge, was chosen
because of the dedication needed by
writers in their efforts to emerge with distinction. The magazine
short stories, articles, essays and poems covering the factual and
fictionalized experiences of living as an African American.
New Challenge provided a
place for locating the literary ideas and expressions published by the
established, the new, and the up-and-coming black writers. With
mind, a host of contributors submitted their manuscripts and the
New Challenge published the works of such
notables as James Weldon
Langston Hughes, Arna Bontemps, Countee Cullen, Zora Neale
Frank Yerby, Ralph Ellison, Richard Wright and others. The
Ms. West, plus the contributors and supporters of this excellent
worked hard to rejuvenate a continuance of what occurred in the
the "Negro or Harlem Renaissance" of 1926-27.
To the dismay of
many, the New Challenge subsided after three years in
print. The editorial comments,
biographical notes in "voices" and the occasional book reviews
additional literary information to those who read this magazine.
- The Non-Slaveholder.
Series 1, vol. 1-5 1846-1850;
Series 2, vol. 1-2, 1853-1854. Philadelphia.
- A caption under the title of The Non-Slaveholder stated
the motive, makes his brother's sin his own." With this in mind, a
undertaking was introduced into the anti-slavery movement. It was
the slavers who were guilty of upholding the system of slavery - but
a host of
others including the slave dealer, the planter, the shipper of
products, the merchant, the manufacturer and finally the consumer
products. The whole approach behind the movement was to
entire slavery system and each facet contributing to its continuance.
organ for transmitting the news, strategies, and victories within this
movement was The Non-Slaveholder.
The Non-Slaveholder published essays, news
dialogues, reports, articles, poems, editorials, notices, appeals, and
aimed at enlightening the not-always-concerned non-slaveholder on
in helping with the
elimination of slavery. The publication printed the tactical ways in
the nonslaveholder could break the link in the existence of slavery
slave trade. For years non-slaveholders were purchasing the goods
by slaves, thus perpetuating and supporting the slave system. In
annihilate the slave system, the anti-slavery movement found it
arouse the conscience of those nonslaveholders consuming goods
by slaves. Those persons who did not practice absolute abstinence
in the use
of goods produced by slaves were deemed sinful abettors and
of the slavery system. Only civilized men professing morality and
Christianity engaged in a market developed through free trade. The
Non-Slaveholder brought together a lengthy
account of documented
reports involving the slave trade and slave-producing market as they
in Brazil, Cuba, the West Indies and the southern United States.
detailed account of how the American, British and Foreign
Societies used moral persuasion and plain truth to fight for the
slavery around the world, The Non-Slaveholder
should provide excellent
material. A short index at the front of each volume can act as a key in
many valuable research articles on this subject.
- Quarterly Review of Higher Education among Negroes.
Vol. 1-28, 1933-1960. Charlotte, North Carolina.
- For thirty-six years, Johnson C. Smith University,
a predominately black university in
North Carolina, undertook the job of publishing a quarterly
featuring important developments and news relating to higher
Blacks in the United States. Under the name, Quarterly Review of
Education among Negroes, this solitary source started out by
papers, conferences symposiums, essays, reports, articles and news
dealing mainly with the supervision and instruction taking place in
colleges of America. In later years the magazine ventured out and
mixed collection of published items relating to the education of
Americans in general. Up until it ceased publication in October,
Quarterly was still considered the exclusive
source where black
teachers, counselors and administrators could publish, read and
common ideas in print.
The Quarterly dealt with subjects on accreditation,
policies, curriculum, enrollment and instruction relating to
in American black colleges. In an effort to be eclectic, special
international and comparative education were included. Other
information on freshmen English, college mathematics, sociology
commencement news and practices. The Quarterly was also
the dissemination of ideas dealing with the total education of
citizens of the United States. The magazine therefore published
in the history, politics and philosophy of education both in America
For most academicians, the importance of the Quarterly
vital years of its existence was in the amount of detailed, yet
advice and helpful hints it provided in the field of education.
The magazine was
improving higher education by presenting ways and methods
observation and research so as to improve the educational
system, including the administration, the
teacher and the student involved in the total learning process.
As a retrospective source on the history,
structure of higher education for African Americans
in the United States the twenty-eight
volumes should provide some revealing facts.
- Race: Devoted to Social, Political and Economic Equality.
Nos. 1-2, 1935-1936. New York.
- For many years the social and legal implications of racial
and discrimination seemed to be confined only to the black man's
America. Then came the 1930's and a new wave of racial and
actions sprung up on the national and international scene.
in Ethiopia, the Nazis in Germany, the Japanese in China and the
of Asians in California all reflected some form of racial strife during
period. Words like racial hatred, discrimination, segregration,
facism and imperialism were part of the growing vernacular in the
the day. In order to publicize those views which were not amply
by the news media, a new publication was launched called
Race was devoted to bringing about equal justice,
word, in the social, economic and political arena for all peoples
race, color, or national origin. The contents of the magazine were
to arouse the minds and consciences of people regarding the issue of
The essays, themes and stories featured penetrating and
accounts relating to the politics of race as a major issue needed for
the co-existence and survival of mankind. Most of the articles tend to
explain, examine, or attack the reasons behind racial actions,
myths. The articles are written by such contributors as Lester
Henry Lee Moon, E. Franklin Frazier, Ralph Bunche, Alain Locke
Race was a small publication which ceased after its second
issue, but it
did manage to capture the fear and anxiety of living as a racial
the 1930's. Articles such as "Biologic Differences" by Mark
Search of Leadership" by George Streator, and "On the Meaning of
Alexander Lesser, even after sixty years in print can provide some
accounts on the subject of race. A very descriptive book review
some interspersed poetry and art reproductions were added
this short-lived publication.
- Race Relations: A Monthly Summary of Events and Trends.
Vol. 1-5, 1943-1948. Nashville, Tennessee.
- Race Relations, sometimes referred to as
Events and Trends in Race Relations, came off the press
America, as part of the Allied Forces engaged in World War II, was
a tremendous effort at this time, in circumventing the aggression of
and the Axis Power. The freedom of the world was at stake and
needed the collective faith and moral support from all its citizens.
meaningful gains were being made at home by supplying the
and war supplies for the soldiers abroad - these great efforts were
marred because of outbreaks involving racial and ethnic strife. In
to publicize an objective point of view relating to these unfortunate
Race Relations developed as the organ for collecting and
Race Relations comprised a capsulized summation of news
taken from approximately 250 daily and weekly papers, some 200
magazines and weeklys, plus field reports and occasional special
from different sections of the country. Besides the collected
conditions and situations leading to the causes of racial and ethnic
were printed as topics of opinions in the paper. Regular topics
"The Social Front" and
"Programs of Action on the Democratic Front."
In later issues regulars included "The Jewish
"The American Indians,"
"The Japanese Americans" and "Housing
Racial Policy." Subject areas covering racial and ethnic conflicts
Armed Forces, Civil Rights, Demonstrations, Discrimination,
Health, Housing, Industry and Labor, Juvenile Delinquency, Law
Enforcement, Lynching, Interracial Committees and Personalities.
Race Relations was published for five
important years. As a
agent of fact and opinion it showed three important things. First, it
the mood of America when large segments of the American
were shifting from the rural to urban centers for work in the
factories and industries.
Secondly, it showed these ethnically and racially different working
Americans coming together, but unprepared to accept one another
competitive basis for jobs, houses and other opportunities. Finally,
showed a period of how disfranchisement for many groups grew
some exceptional people and the law did to eliminate some of these
- Radical Abolitionist.
Vol. 1-4, 1855-1858. New York.
- The Federal Constitution of the United States states that this
was formulated "to establish justice, ensure domestic tranquility,
the common defense, promote the general welfare and secure the
of liberty to ourselves and our posterity."
For the American abolitionist, these
opened the constitutional issue on the existence of slavery in the
States. According to the Central Abolition Committee, slavery never
place in this society and the Constitution unequivocally forbade the
maintenance of that system. With this belief firmly established, an
gathered at a convention under the name "Radical Political
Syracuse, NY on June 26, 1855 for the purpose of proclaiming
sinful, illegal and unconstitutional. A news organ was needed for
the news, ideas and platform of the assembled abolitionist, therefore
the Radical Abolitionist was published. William Goodell,
who later became
editor and publisher of the
(1859-1866) took on the editorship of the newspaper.
The thrust of the paper centered around the legal and constitutional
issues of maintaining slavery in the states belonging to the Federal
The main issue being raised was whether the Federal Constitution
United States as written, upheld the rights of all U.S. inhabitants,
those bound in slavery. The American abolitionist took up the cause
Radical Abolitionist published the affirmative
reasons against the existence of slavery.
The astute reasoning and tactical platform of the Central
Committee are all presented in the form of resolutions, letters,
documents, essays, petitions, statements, speeches, and
this one volume edition. For the scholar or student interested in
as "States Rights," "Fugitive Slave Bill,"
"Slavery and the
"Election of 1856" and "Free Soilers and the
Territory of Kansas"
material is presented. Finally for all persons interested in the
political issues behind the maintenance of slavery in America
crucial developmental period in American history,
the Radical Abolitionist can add
- Slavery in America.
Nos. 1-14, 1836-1837. London, England.
- According to Reverend Thomas Price, a London cleric,
no place for the institution of slavery. America was founded as a
based on freedom and religious principles, therefore slavery was a
the moral fiber of this democratic country. In order to gather some
his fight to eliminate slavery on the American continent, Rev. Price
published a little newspaper entitled Slavery In America.
organ was designed to arouse the conscience of those unconcerned
Christians as to their roles in helping abolish slavery in America
other parts of the world. The paper published the accounts of
meetings, letters, notes, resolutions, reports and speeches which
documented the tactics of the British movement as it reached out
America and other slave ports around the world. Most of the
backbone of the movement, as reported in the paper, came from the
Christian brethren who made a vow to rid America and other parts
world from slavery. America, in particular was on the spot for being
espousing those ideas of freedom, yet at the same time keeping one
every six men, women and children in bondage. Slavery In
out the sound good points behind America as a nation of law and
but it also pointed out how slavery was destroying the greatness of
nation. Churches of all denominations in Britain joined the fight
against the slavery system.
Slavery In America captured the fervor of the
reporting the movements and efforts on the part of the British
journal served as an objective organ of communication by exposing
awakening the conscience of the world on the wide spread slavery
Although the publication ceased after the first year in print, it did
record some important documents and views which were not
other anti-slavery publications.
- Southern Frontier.
Vol. 1-6, 1940-1945. Atlanta, Georgia.
- Times were not easy for the majority of the black people living
Southern part of the United States during the 1940's. The Klu Klux
conducted open meetings and most black citizens of the United
States lived in
a separate society under enforced laws of segregation. The
Southern Frontier came off
the press in January of 1940 as a voice box
organ for those Southern black folks. It published news briefs,
essays, bulletins, poems and, at times, a special feature on one
particular state within the United States.
The Frontier was there to state the position of
the Negro as an
citizen seeking advancement in his regional birthplace.
The newspaper documented those events and conditions
faced by a
people struggling to overcome inflicted injustices at the hands of a
white majority who was not yet ready and willing to accept
the black person's place
social system. In a way, the news items reported showed a kind of
and hope for change on the part of Southern Blacks. The articles and
did a lot to inform both blacks and whites throughout the Nation
racial situation in the South. The coverage of news included some
years and events in black history. For persons interested in the
conditions of Blacks living in the South during the 1940's,
the Southern Frontier should provide ample
information. Topics on the war years,
politics and the law in these issues are well documented with
statistical information for the interested researcher and scholar.
- Voice of the Negro
Vol. 1-4, 1904-1907. Atlanta, Georgia
and Chicago, Illinois.
- Throughout the history of the United States, certain cities have
been known as cultural and social hubs where the recognition and
achievements of some priviledged African Americans could
dignity. Whenever there was a need for launching a far-reaching
idea or a
new publication these places became the meccas for their development.
places often included Chicago, Illinois; Washington, D.C.;
Pennsylvania; New York, New York; Nashville, Tennessee; New
Louisiana: and Atlanta, Georgia. Other locations where black
universities originated became places where black
achievements could also be recognized.
It was therefore no surprise when Atlanta, Georgia, with its
black intellectual and professional population during the early
became another leading "home base" for gathering and
thoughts and ideas. One source which developed for receiving and
transmitting information coming into Atlanta concerning Blacks
period was the Voice of the Negro.
The Voice was there to serve as a general source of
dealing with news and literary thoughts taking place in the lives and
Blacks throughout the world. The magazine recorded timely events
important to people of all races. Monthly topics included current
education, art, politics, sociology, religion and science. A
portion of the material presented Blacks and the places where they
worked and visited. Biographical and written essays by black
entrepreneurs, politicians, poets, philosophers and theologians all
the scope of the magazine. Personalities such as W.E..B. DuBois,
Washington Carver, Mary Church Terrell, John H. Adams Jr. and
Washington made up the distinguished list of contributors.
An array of "specials"
included material on the history and development of many black
and universities, including Fisk, Talladega, Rust, Tuskegee and
plus feature articles such as the
"Chain Lake Settlement" and "The
Movement," and many biographical
sketches on notables such as Booker T.
Washington and Paul Lawrence Dunbar.
The Voice ended its short existence in
Illinois in October of 1907, leaving behind some valuable literary
reference material chock-full of important information by some
distinguished black folks. For the scholar, historian or student
the significance of local and world developments during the early
from a black point of view these sources are excellent.