What is information literacy?
Information literacy is an intellectual framework for identifying, finding, understanding,
evaluating and using information. It includes determining the nature and extent of
needed information; accessing information effectively and efficiently; evaluating
critically information and its sources; incorporating selected information in the learner's
knowledge base and value system; using information effectively to accomplish a specific
purpose; understanding the economic, legal and social issues surrounding the use of
information and information technology; and observing laws, regulations, and institutional
policies related to the access and use of information. (Middle States Commission on
Higher Education, 2002 Characteristics of Excellence in Higher Education)
Why is information literacy important?
Information literacy is vital to all disciplines and to effective teaching and learning in
any institution. Institutions of higher education need to provide students and instructors
with the knowledge, skills, and tools to obtain information in many formats and media
in order to identify, retrieve, and apply relevant and valid knowledge and information
resources to their study, teaching, or research.
One of the key elements of information literacy is the collaboration between library
faculty (librarians) and faculty in teaching and fostering information literacy skills
relevant to the curriculum.
Information Literacy Standards