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Nonviolence has its roots deep and far back in history. In 494 BC, the plebians of Rome refused to work for days in order to address their grievances against the Roman consuls. In 1765-1775, the American colonists nonviolently opposed the British Rule and its unjust laws such as the Stamp Acts of 1765, the Townshend Act of 1767 and the Coercive Act of 1774. This resulted in the defacto independence of nine colonies of 1775. In 1905-1906, nonviolent demonstrations in Russia forced the Czar to accept the creation of an elected legislature. In 1913-1919 the demonstrations by the woman's suffrage in United States led to the Constitutional amendment guaranteeing women the right to vote. In India Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi led India to gain her independence from British rule through the use of nonviolent means. In the United States Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. became a champion of nonviolence and the U.S. civil rights movement won passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.

In this century Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. are the foremost leaders of the Nonviolent movement. Gandhi said "My Life is My Message".It is with these words that he conveyed the essence of nonviolence as an active, practical living force, which has to be incorporated into the very fabric of our being and in our society.

This page contains many links to the lives and philosophies of these Great Thinkers of Nonviolence and Nobel Peace Prize winners.

Mahatma Gandhi Resources

A Brief History of Mohandas K. Gandhi

Catalog of Gandhi photographs

Gandhi's Words (researched by Sunanda Gandhi)

Gandhi Virtual Ashram

M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence

Mohandas K. Gandhi Web Resources

Remembering the Mahatma

The Mind of Mahatma Gandhi: Neither Saint nor Sinner

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. Resources

The King Library and Archives

Martin Luther King, Jr.  A LIFE Tribute

Martin Luther King, Jr. by Seattle Times Newspaper

The Martin Luther King, Jr. Center for Nonviolent Social Action

Martin Luther King, Paper Project at Stanford University  

Martin Luther King, Jr. Nobel Peace Prize

Martin Luther King, Jr. Resources 1

Martin Luther King, Jr. Resources 2

Martin Luther King, Jr. Timeline

Martin Luther King Day

National Civil Rights Museum

Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. for Teachers & Student

World History Archives: Martin Luther King

Peace & Peace Prize Winners

Alfred Nobel instituted the Nobel Prize and the first Prize for Peace was awarded in 1901. This prize has been the most important as well as controversial of all the prizes awarded. Through the years the mandate of this prize has been broadened to include, not only peace activists, international lawyers, humanitarians and statesmen, but also religious figures, labor leaders and scientists. Both private and official organizations have been honored. Today the Nobel Peace Prize symbolizes the struggle to prevent the extinction of man as a species.

Life of Alfred Nobel

Nobel Peace Laureates

Please note this site does not contain a listing of all of the Great Thinkers of Nonviolence. Please connect to other sites to obtain more information .                                                                                                                               

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 B. Davis Schwartz Memorial Library 

 C.W. Post Campus, Long Island University

                                   

                                                                                     Links accessed on July 10, 2010