The concept of violence generally refers
to the destructive use of physical force against property or people. In the
concept of society, it also includes systems of oppression and domination.
Structural violence located in an organization in society may lead to
physical violence. Nonviolent action is a strategy of change which
incorporates several techniques such as nonresistance, active
reconciliation, passive resistance, noncooperation.
Conflicts are resolved by doing or refusing to do certain things, without
the use of physical force. While there are different types of nonviolence,
there are four major approaches to
nonviolence. as identified by Robert J. Borrowes in the Strategy of Nonviolent Defense.
These approaches are descriptive and not definitive and the strategies may
be combined if needed.
nonviolence. The opponent is viewed as a partner in the struggle
to satisfy the needs of all. Nonviolence is a way of life and there is
a unity of means and end.
nonviolence. The opponent is an antagonist with incompatible
interests. The opponent has to be defeated, and suffering (except physical suffering) may be inflicted on the
nonviolence. Practitioners identify certain policies as the cause of
social problems. They use campaigns to change these policies within
the social framework
- Revolutionary nonviolence. Practioners conduct a structural analysis of
political and economic relationships. They identify the shortcomings
and conduct campaigns for revolutionary structural change.
Learn More About
Non-Violence: What Do We Mean?
Correcting Common Misconceptions About Nonviolent
Action. Article published by the Albert
Methods of Nonviolent Action.
Gene Sharp, The Methods of Nonviolent Action
Historical Examples of Nonviolent Struggle
the Albert Einstein Institution
in the 21st Century: Challenges and Choices. Article by Arun
Annotated Bibliography of Nonviolent Action Training