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Students' Guide to Preventing and Avoiding Plagiarism

Anatomy of a Citation

Evaluating Information

Library vs. Web

Evaluating Internet Resources

Ethics in the Information Age

Starting Your Research

Citation Style for Research Papers

 *  APA  *  Turabian  *  MLA  *  Chicago  *  AMA  *

Which should you use?
Ask each of your teachers which style they want you to use. If they have no preference, you can use any or follow these guidelines:

  • APA: psychology, education, and other social sciences.
  • MLA: literature, arts, and humanities.
  • Chicago: history and many other subjects in scholarly and non-scholarly publications.
  • Turabian: an adaptation of the Chicago style, designed for college students to use with all subjects.
  • AMA: medicine, health, and biological sciences.

The complete hardcopy style manuals are kept on reserve in the Reference Department. These contain examples about citing a wider variety of sources than these web pages do, as well as other things you may need to know, such as margins, font size, etc.

Styling Time! : APA, MLA, and Chicago Citation Style Instruction
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LB 220


In response to the many requests for help with citing sources using the APA, MLA, or Chicago citation styles, the library will be holding these one-hour workshops in the Library Instruction Lab (LB220) on these dates. The same material will be covered in each session. Students are encouraged to bring their lists of sources to get hands-on help with citing them.

Additional Online Style Guides:

  • Re: Writing 3: Adapted from the book Research and Documentation in the Electronic Age by Diana Hacker (Boston, MA : Bedford/St. Martin's, 2006), this site provides examples of citation style, parenthetical references, manuscript format, and completed papers for the MLA, APA, Chicago, and CSE (Council of Science Editors) styles.

  • Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): Created by the English Department at Purdue University, this site covers all aspects of the academic, business, and creative writing processes (grammar, punctuation, style, rhetoric, outlines, etc.), along with the MLA and APA styles (the latter with sample papers) and annotated bibliographies.

Citation Management Tools:

  • EasyBib : Covering APA, MLA, and Chicago/Turabian styles, this information literacy platform provides citation, note taking, and research tools that help educators to teach and students to learn how to become effective and organized researchers. It also includes the citation styles for: Harvard, Chicago Author-Date, Council of Science Editors (CSE), American Chemical Society (ACS), American Medical Association (AMA), and American Sociological Association (ASA).

Robert Delaney.

Long Island University

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